In 2004, negotiations were held between the two governments, the DUP and Sinn Féin, with a view to an agreement on institution-building. These talks failed, but a document released by governments detailing changes to the Belfast Agreement has been known as the “Global Agreement”. However, on 26 September 2005, it was announced that the Commissional Irish Republican Army had completely closed and “decommissioned” its weapons arsenal. Yet many trade unionists, especially the DUP, remained skeptical. Of the loyalist paramilitaries, only the Loyalist Volunteer Force (LVF) had taken weapons out of service.  Further negotiations took place in October 2006 and resulted in the St. Andrews Agreement. The agreement was approved by voters across the island of Ireland in two referendums on 22 May 1998. In Northern Ireland, in 1998, during the referendum on the Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland, voters were asked whether they supported the multi-party agreement. In the Republic of Ireland, voters were asked whether they would allow the state to sign the agreement and authorize the necessary constitutional amendments (Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Ireland) to facilitate it. The two lawyers had to approve the agreement for it to enter into force. As part of the agreement, the British and Irish Governments undertook to hold referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum in Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached in the multi-party talks.
The referendum in the Republic of Ireland is expected to approve the Anglo-Irish Agreement and facilitate the amendment of the Irish Constitution in accordance with the Agreement. London`s direct rule ended in Northern Ireland when power officially left the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council of Ministers and the Anglo-Irish Council, when the first regulations relating to the Anglo-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999.    In accordance with Article 4(2) of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (Agreement between the British and Irish Governments for the implementation of the Belfast Agreement), the two governments must inform each other in writing of compliance with the conditions for the entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement. entry into force should take place upon receipt of those two notifications.  The British government agreed to participate in a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office. Peter Mandelson, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, took part very early on 2 December 1999. He spoke with David Andrews, the Irish Foreign Secretary. Shortly after the ceremony, at 10.30am, the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, signed the declaration of formal amendment to Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution. He then announced to Dáil the entry into force of the Anglo-Irish Agreement (including certain supplementary agreements to the Belfast Agreement).   In Northern Ireland, around 71% voted in favour of the agreement and 94% in the Republic of Ireland. .
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