2. Following the communication from the United Kingdom and the Union on the date of entry into force of the agreements referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, the Joint Committee established by Article 164 (`Joint Committee`) shall fix the date from which the provisions of this Title shall apply to nationals of Iceland, namely the Principality of Liechtenstein, the Kingdom of Norway and, where applicable, the Swiss Confederation. the 15 working day period referred to in Article 4(5) of Regulation (EC) No 139/2004 has expired without any of the Member States responsible for examining the concentration under its national competition law opposing the request to refer the case back to the European Commission; or the implementation of an EIB growth strategy after withdrawal does not fall within the scope of this Article. as regards the procedures provided for in Article 29(2), (3) and (4) of Directive 2009/81/EC, Article 33(2) to (5) of Directive 2014/24/EU and Article 51(2) of Directive 2014/25/EU concerning the implementation of the following framework agreements concluded by contracting authorities/contracting authorities of the Member States or of the United Kingdom, including the award of contracts on the basis of such framework agreements: the Protocol on Northern Ireland, known as the “Irish Backstop”, was an annex to the draft agreement of November 2018 outlining the provisions to prevent a hard border in Ireland after the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union. The Protocol contained a safety net provision to deal with circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements have yet to enter into force at the end of the transitional period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol which will be described as follows. On 19 October, Parliament also declared that a political agreement had been reached. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border settlement and dispute settlement. It also contains a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it met with opposition from the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been necessary.
On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.
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